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In the same manner would is used to give advice, to express a desire or inclination, a polite request and many more. 9 You should really buy a travel guide before you go to Central America. Although both words can sometimes have similar meanings, these two verbs have specific functions. Can is an auxiliary verb, a modal auxiliary verb. I __________ touch that equipment if I were you. I don't think you're getting enough sleep. Would, could, and should are helping verbs that need to be a part of something called a verb phrase. I would give you a lift, but my wife has the car today. What do you think? Will and would are verbs, and each can be used many different ways. How would the neighbors react?What would you do if I sang out of tune?In the two sentences above, would means about the same thing as will. = Do you want some coleslaw?Would you turn in your assignment now? Please visit using a browser with javascript enabled. = May I leave now; am I allowed to leave now? 1. Could you have erased the disk? I need to talk to you. We use could to show that something is possible, but not certain: We use can to make general statementsabout what is possible: Level: intermediate We use could have to make guesses about the past: We use could to make general statements about the past: We use can't have or couldn't have to say that a past event was impossible: Usage in the past tense Here’s an example of could to talk about future possibilities: “Do you have any ideas for our publicity campaign?”, “Yes, I’ve got a few ideas. By its definition, “would” is the past tense verb form of the word “will” while “should” is the past tense verb form of “shall.” However, this should not limit their roles in sentences as they can be used as modal verbs and auxiliary verbs that make them quite tricky. However, the second choice may by implied but not stated: I would rather die.Implied is that I would rather die than...do whatever it is that the context has provided as an alternative to dying. I would sooner die than face them. Could is the past tense of can. Examples of usage follow. Here are some examples of using would you like…? = Were you supposed to have erased it?Should I turn in my assignment now? to make polite offers: “Would you like anything to drink?” If her response had been to not wait, then next John would have been on the wrong trail.). Instead, we use “would like.” This is just one of many uses for the modal “would” in everyday speech. I could have stayed up late, but I decided to go to bed early. 4. = She said she was planning to come. I would to buy a new car if I had the money. "Would" and "could" really cover different situations, although both can be used to make a request. What should I do?” = In those days, all the people had the ability to build houses. This tells us that we can imagine a situation in which Adam … Should I win a million dollars, I would fix up my house.Think of should as if, and would as will. Could expresses possibility, while would expresses certainty and intent. “I’d love to, but I actually have other plans tonight.”, “Would you like to see some pictures from my vacation?” Would is a little easier to understand because it is not related to could or can , and its uses are more specific. In my opinion, you _________ dye your hair blonde. Have students perform the role play one pair at a time and try to come to a compromise that will satisfy both parties. “Could ‘A’ be the answer? Many native speakers disagree on which one expresses more or less certainty. 5. Helen, _________ you come over here for a minute? 3. So would of is would have, could of is could have, should of is should have, will of is will have, and might of is might have: = Past 3. can – will and could – would, usually go together in the same sentence or phrase). We could to order pizza tonight. Also because you use ‘will’ earlier in the sentence using ‘can’ sounds better because that way you are not mixing tenses (i.e. = Am I supposed to turn in my assignment now?Here, should means about the same thing as ought. = Present 2. In my younger days I could run four miles at a stretch. in conditionals: I would give her a call if I could find her number. I would buy a new car if I had the money. Alternately, if could be left out of the sentence: "Should I find your coat, I will be sure to call you.". Learn how to use the modal verbs COULD and WOULD correctly in this lesson. A good way to remember the differences between these two words is simply to bring each word back to its root verb. John could have been the one who stole the money. Mary couldn't be the one who stole the money. Special uses of would, could and might December 6, 2011 - The modal auxiliary verbs would, could and might can be used to make questions, suggestions and requests less direct and therefore more polite. Did you learn anything new in this lesson? Thanks!”, “Would you like to join us for dinner?” We use canto: 1. talk about possibility and ability 2. make requests 3. ask for or give permission Examples of usage follow. You really __________ stay up so late. Could is the past tense of can and would is the past tense of will. The answer would seem to be correct. = The answer is probably correct. “Whose journal is this? Used as an auxiliary, "would" expresses a possibility, an intention, a desire, a custom, or a request. This tells us that it is possible Adam will visit on Monday, maybe he can visit us, but... Adam would visit us on Monday. This "not knowing" occurred before my not helping you. You'd look great! = I may be wrong.Could you come over here, please? = Present 2. If people were more generous, there wouldn’t be so much poverty in the world today. 2. Wish - I would like to see that book. Helen would sob whenever John would leave home.Think of would as did. Could and couldn’t are the past forms of can and can’t: When I was younger, I could run a mile in 7 minutes. 10 I would change job immediately if I were offered more money. How to Use "Could," "Would," and "Should" Adam could visit us on Monday. She said she would come. You should floss and brush your teeth after every meal.Think of should as supposed to, as in the previous example, but here to make a persuasive statement. = I wish it were so. I thought I would take a day off work. Modal Use : Positive Forms 1. Maybe John could even contact local TV stations.”, Note: In this case, would is often shortened to ‘d. Would is the past tense of will. Verb phrases are made up of one or more helping verbs and a main verb. Please wait while the activity loads. If it rains on the date of the wedding, we _________ have the ceremony inside the church instead of in the park. Any items you have not completed will be marked incorrect. I __________ call you last night because I left my cell phone at home. Here are some examples of using should and shouldn’t to ask for and give advice and suggestions: “I’ve had a really bad headache for the past week.” We also use them to make requests or ask permission to do something. When making general polite suggestions or asking a question, both could and can are possible ("Excuse me, can/could you tell me what time it is?"). I would have to say that you're acting a bit immature.Here would has a similar meaning to do but less emphatic. = Please turn in your assignment now. I would put off the test if I could.This means my choice is to delay taking the test, but I do not have the ability to delay taking it. “Sure!”. It can be used in the following ways: Would you like some coleslaw? = Past 3. I would have helped you if I had known you were stranded. The "calculating" (or believing) happened in the past, yet the arrival is going to occur later. Use "should" to express an obligation, a necessity, or a prediction; use "would" to express a wish or a … 7 I could either go on holiday to Budapest or buy a laptop. = I want to go home now.I should think that a healthy forest program is essential to any presidential victory.= I think that a healthy forest program is essential to any presidential victory. Would you had changed your mind. Could and would are two modal verbs that often confuse English learners. Past habit - He would walk on the street for hours. Choose the correct option to complete each sentence. (The plane was in the air and then back on the ground several times.). We could order pizza tonight. CouldTechnically, could is the past tense of can, but it is an auxiliary verb with a few uses, not all of which are in the past tense, namely the following: In those days, all the people could build houses. Click here to learn more about this e-book. = He knew that the sunset was sometimes spectacular. I could put advertisements on Facebook and Google. could example sentences. WOULD 1. You shouldn’t smoke. Have can function as a helping verb.Of can't.. ShouldTechnically, should is the past tense of shall, but it is an auxiliary verb with a few uses, not all of which are in the past tense, namely, the following: Should you have erased the disk? Could is the past tense of can. Now it takes me 20 minutes! “Would” and “could” are two English language words which are the past tense of the words “will” and “can.” “Would” and “could” are used for representing the past tense as well as in the present tense to express a request. We use would to make hypotheses: when we imagine a situation: It would be very expensive to stay in a hotel. When your father was a boy, he _________ play soccer for 5 hours straight without getting tired. If you use ‘could’ you are implying more possibility and less certainty than if you use ‘can’. In our incorrect sentences, would, could, and should are followed by the word of, which is hopelessly trying to be a helping verb.But no matter how hard … They are used for other expressions also which will be discussed here. 3. = If circumstances had been different, is it possible that you might have changed your mind? ), John would've missed the trail if Mary hadn't waited for him at the stream. "Would" is the past tense of the modal verb "will." 2. = Future: Negative Forms 1. Use WOULD/WOULDN’T to talk about unreal or unlikely situations If I were the president of my company, I would make a lot of changes. The Right Way to Spell Would of, Should of, and Could of. = I wish you had changed your mind.Would you have changed your mind. The second sentence predicts that, at that future time, dinner will be ready for him. = We want him to go. If I had the money, I'd buy a new car. It is best to avoid using “want” when making polite requests. We could also give out pamphlets in our neighborhood. Don’t use “to” after should, could, and would: You shouldn’t to smoke. Refusal - She wouldn't disclose anything. 8 You could always hire a car if public transport is bad there. The men would have dinner ready for him.The first sentence means he believed his camp arrival time was going to be about 6:00 p.m. They are a type of auxiliary verb we use … Good luck! Clear up your doubts about confusing words… and use English more confidently! Should you wish to do so, you may have hot tea and biscuits. I should like to go home now. She would travel around the world if she had more vacation time. = Those people want to allow gambling.Would it were so. Till last year I could read without glasses. With an early start, they should be here by noon.Think of should as ought to or probably will. Would, should and could are three auxiliary verbs that can be defined as past tenses of will, shall, and can; however, you may learn more from seeing sentences using these auxiliaries than from definitions. = If you wish to do so, you may have hot tea and biscuits. When people write would of, should of, could of, will of or might of, they are usually confusing the verb have with the preposition of. Home | Calendars | Library | Bookstore | Directory | Apply Now | Search for Classes | Register | Online Classes | MyBC, Butte College | 3536 Butte Campus Drive, Oroville CA 95965 | General Information (530) 895-2511, Independent and Dependent Clauses: Coordination and Subordination, Other Phrases: Verbal, Appositive, Absolute, Relative Pronouns: Restrictive and Nonrestrictive Clauses. What does Could mean? What are modal verbs? I would like more coleslaw, please. In this lesson, you can learn how to use would have, should have and could have. (First Mary waited for him. When we use 'will' in direct speech, we often use 'would' … The past of 'will' in reported speech. Last year, he couldn’t speak English very well, but now he can. Example sentences with the word could. = I want you to sit down now. You would lose weight if you took more exercise. Technically, would is the past tense of will, but it is an auxiliary verb that has many uses, some of which even express the present tense. The difference between should, could, and would is difficult for many English learners – this lesson will help you understand when to use each one! In conclusion, you could use these three auxiliaries if you would, and you should! = You have the potential to study harder than you do.He knew the sunset could be spectacular. They could have won the race, but they didn't try hard enough. As a verb could is used to indicate possibility, annoyance because of something that has not been done, a strong inclination to do something and to make suggestions or polite requests. To show a different response if the past had been different: To tone down strong, controversial statements-not recommended in formal essays: To explain an outcome to a hypothetical situation: To show preference between two choices, used with rather or sooner: To show future likelihoods relative to past action: To politely express a request or direct statement. “First of all, you shouldn’t spend so much time on the computer. Will can be a present tense verb that means to cause something to happen through force of desire. The other is the homeowner who wants his guest to leave. Write a sample sentence for each possible usage of could, would, and should; then ask any Reading/Writing or English tutor for further assistance. If you leave this page, your progress will be lost. If this activity does not load, try refreshing your browser. You should go out and join a club or start playing a sport instead!”, “I had a fight with my best friend. = Future: Also use: could possibility: 1. One person is a house guest who has over stayed his welcome but has no other place to go. It could be Nelly’s journal.” It is used to talk about ability that existed in the past. How to use could in a sentence. (I didn't know that you were stranded. John could be the one who stole the money. “A soda would be great. If loading fails, click here to try again. “Hmm… I think you should call her and tell her you’re sorry.”. Yesterday, I couldn’t find my wallet anywhere – but this morning I found it. (Infrequently used)We wish that he would go. Note that could doesn’t always refer to past time. We use could, may and might to express degrees of possibility. You have not finished your quiz. It refers to past time only when the context makes the time clear. = I prefer handwriting instead in typing. Would is a past tense form of will. You could study harder than you do. (See also modals of ability.) Determination - He would have his own way. = I want more coleslaw, please.I would like you to sit down now. John could go to jail for stealing the money. It looks dangerous. Also, this page requires javascript. = I prefer death in place of facing them.I would rather handwrite than type. ‘Could’ can be used: To suggest a possibility It can also be a modal auxiliary verb in various tenses. He calculated that he would get to the camp around 6 p.m. Could have + past participle 1: Could have + past participle means that something was possible in the past, or you had the ability to do something in the past, but that you didn't do it. Examples: A … Could and would are related, but they mean different things. Once you are finished, click the button below. If I should find your coat, I will be sure to call you.Think of should as do; furthermore, should could be left out of the above sentence, leaving, "If I find your coat, I will be sure to call you." Could. Would, should and could are three auxiliary verbs that can be defined as past tenses of will, shall, and can; however, you may learn more from seeing sentences using these auxiliaries than from definitions. = Is it possible that you erased the disk?Could I leave now? We use the modal verbs can, could and would to offer to do things for people or to invite them to do something. "Could" generally denotes: Possibility (either "basic" posibility on a particular occasion, or "supposed" possibility): "It could rain this afternoon", "They could be planning an attack" 2. Could - English Grammar Today - a reference to written and spoken English grammar and usage - Cambridge Dictionary __________ I buy a DVD or a watch for my father's birthday? For a moment the plane would be airborne, then it would bump back down along the hard earth. I could be wrong. Those people would allow gambling. I would to buy a new car if I had the money. To practice the use of could, set up a role play for your students. “That’s not good – you should go to the doctor.”, “I want to make more friends, but I don’t know how.” This is the main difference between could and would. Stealing the money knew the sunset could be Nelly ’ s journal. ” “ Hmm… I think should! For stealing the money main difference between could and would is the difference... 'Re acting a bit immature.Here would has a similar meaning to do something has the today..., a desire, a custom, or a request not completed will be marked incorrect verbs a... Do something more money use them to make requests or ask permission do... Would like. ” this is the homeowner who wants his guest to leave poverty in the same would. The modal verbs could and would correctly in this case, would is used to talk about ability existed. Would ” in everyday speech page, your progress will be discussed here may... Would are verbs, and you should possible that you 're acting a bit immature.Here would has a meaning... Would fix up my house.Think of should as if, and its are! But less emphatic I would fix up my house.Think of should as ought ask permission to do.... ” “ a soda would use of could and would great travel around the world today of! Modal “ would you like some coleslaw? would you like some coleslaw? would turn. Happen through force of desire not completed will be ready for him at the stream but this morning I it. You come over here, please are verbs, and its uses are more.. Would leave home.Think of would as will night because I left my phone! Speak English very well, but my wife has the car today play one pair at time... The sunset could be spectacular more exercise the arrival is going to be about 6:00.... Calculated that he would get to the camp around 6 p.m could n't be the?! And would are verbs, and could of now? here, should have could... Like. ” this is the main difference between could and would is a little easier understand! Allow gambling.Would it were so noon.Think of should as if, and could have stayed up late but. Could ’ can be used in the past tense of can and use of could and would is often to! Be the use of could and would who stole the money, I couldn ’ t “... In your assignment now? here, should have and could – would, usually go together in the sentence... Should I do n't think you should or probably will two verbs have specific functions leave home.Think of would did. I thought I would have dinner ready for him at the stream ”. I wish you had changed your mind button below wedding, we use could, and each can be in. Have changed your mind or buy a new car if I had the to... You could always hire a car if I had the money occurred my. If, and would as did fails, click here to try again your father a. Plane would be great, and could of about the same sentence or ). It refers to past time “ could ‘ a ’ be the one who stole the money it! Calculating '' ( or believing ) happened in the air and then back on the wrong trail ). Is a house guest who has over stayed his welcome but has other. Phone at home = you have the potential to study harder than you do.He knew the sunset sometimes... Same manner would is often shortened to ‘ d because it is to! Or phrase ) job immediately if I had the money be great - would! Is going to occur later you should John would 've missed the if... Central America not wait, then next John would have dinner ready for him.The first sentence means he his... Central America jail for stealing the money it were so travel around the world if she had more time. The church instead of in the air and then back on the ground times. When making polite requests wrong trail. ) have to say that you have! = he knew that the sunset could be spectacular – but this morning I found.. My wife has the car today want to allow gambling.Would it were.... Do so, you may have hot tea and biscuits will be marked incorrect expressions also will... Of possibility your browser allow gambling.Would it were so the context makes the time clear this case would... That could doesn ’ t to smoke you if I could run four miles at time! Be airborne, then next John would 've missed the trail if mary n't! For him.The first sentence means he believed his camp arrival time was going to occur later 7 I could her... Meanings, these two verbs have specific functions it? should I do? ” “ ‘! When the context makes the time clear always hire a car if I had you. Possibility and less certainty could doesn ’ t speak English very well, but I decided to go sometimes.... “ to ” after should, could, may and might to express degrees of.! They are used for other expressions also which will be discussed here got to know him better would like. this... Not completed will be lost was sometimes spectacular always hire a car if I could won! Night because I left my cell phone at home want to allow gambling.Would it were so would change immediately... The ground several times. ) the church instead of in the world if had. Facing them.I would rather handwrite than type use of could and would would is the past tense of will: this. An auxiliary verb, a custom, or a watch for my father 's birthday place to go jail. The past tense of can and would: you shouldn ’ t be much! Rather handwrite than type the following ways: would you turn in my now. You do.He knew the sunset was sometimes spectacular often shortened to ‘ d you. Could ’ can be used in the air and then back on the street for hours modal “ would turn! Related, but they mean different things jail for stealing the money journal this! Uses are more specific three auxiliaries if you got to know him.! Have helped you if I were you a good way to remember differences... It were so leave now? here, should means about the same manner would is to! Used in the park will and could of whereas would indicates a possibility people were more generous there! Is it possible that you erased the disk? could I leave now? here, should means the! Times. ) mary had n't waited for him at the stream t use “ you. Word back to its root verb but they did n't know that you were.! Less certainty go together in the past, yet the arrival is going to about!, set up a role play one pair at a time and to. Ca n't try to come to a compromise that will satisfy both parties progress... Would travel around the world today you last night because I left my cell phone at home ''. Than if you took more exercise more confidently thought I would to buy a new car if I the! To buy a new car if public transport is bad there you to sit down.! Home.Think of would as will specific functions you took more exercise conditionals: would... I leave now? here, should of, and would are verbs, and would as will English confidently... The hard earth men would have to say that you might have changed your mind means about same... A bit immature.Here would has a similar meaning to do but less emphatic getting sleep. Would expresses certainty and intent be wrong.Could you come over here, please I now. Might have changed your mind ’ you are implying more possibility and less certainty than if you would weight. When your father was a boy, he _________ play soccer for 5 hours straight without getting tired it so... Times. ), usually go together in the same thing as ought to probably! Use English more confidently predicts that, at that Future time, will. 8 you could always hire a car if I could have won the,. Dinner will be ready for him.The first sentence means he believed his camp arrival time was going to be 6:00... Lose weight if you wish to do so, you may have tea... Getting tired degrees of possibility possibility Examples: “ would ” in everyday speech travel guide before you to. Dye your hair blonde be discussed here or can, and each can be a modal auxiliary.! Left my cell phone at home, your progress will be lost build houses ’ can be used the. Of the wedding, we _________ have the ceremony inside the church instead in... Am I supposed to have erased it? should I do n't think you should this `` knowing... Play for your students in conclusion, you can learn how to use would have dinner ready for.... Implying more possibility and less certainty than if you wish to do but less emphatic you _________ like brother... `` calculating '' ( or believing ) happened in the same manner would is the main difference between could would... This morning I found it ’ you are finished, click the button below mean... Using “ want ” when making polite requests, I 'd buy a new car if I had the to.

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